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1964 Ludwig Downbeat "Ed Sullivan"
Oyster Black Pearl Kit

Kit Number 3

Ringo: Peace & Love exhibit Grammy Museum 2013. 1964 Ludwig "Sullivan" drum kit
All My Loving - Sullivan 2.9.1964
Ringo Starr's 1964 Ludwig Downbeat model Beatles drum kit

Photo: Scott Robert Ritchie

Filming for the movie A Hard Day’s Night was scheduled beginning on March 2, 1964. It was decided that a second Ludwig oyster black pearl Downbeat drum kit (identical to what Ringo was using) would be obtained while the Beatles were in the US on their first visit. The thought was to have one drum kit on the movie set for filming while the other was used for performances and in the recording studio. This drum kit order was placed by Brian Epstein through Drum City in London. Instructions were to have the kit delivered to Manny’s Music Store, West 48th Street in Midtown Manhattan. Ringo travelled bringing his 1963 Jazz Festival snare drum, his cymbals and a new Beatles drop-T logo bass drumhead. The kit was delivered to CBS-TV Studio 50 in time for the Sunday morning, February 9th dress rehearsal. For some unknown reason, there wasn’t enough time to install the Beatles logo head before the morning rehearsal.

February 9 1964 Ed Sullivan Show rehearsal
Beatles 2 9 64 Sullivan Show Rehearsal
Ringo 2nd Downbeat 2 muffler Sullivan Show
Ringo 2nd Downbeat muffler Sullivan Show
Ringo 2nd Downbeat muffler DC Show

Notice that the tom was installed upside down. For those unaware, the baseball bat muffler (circled in red) should be on the top side of the drum, not the bottom. 

I was lucky to have a conversation with a gentleman named Vince Calandra, who was the stage manager for the Ed Sullivan Show at that time. Regarding this topic, here’s what we concluded; Ringo’s kit was brand new when delivered to the set. The workers were union with strong union rules & would have handled all aspects of the kit and all other gear. Once the drum kit was played & the heads displayed stick marks, Mal may have logically thought he was installing the tom properly for the other performances.

Ringo 2nd Downbeat Miami rehearsal
Ringo Starr's 1964 Ludwig Downbeat kit drumhead with Ludwig and Manny's logo stamps
Ringo Starr's 1964 Beatles drop-T logo Ed Sullivan Show drumhead

More Details

Going from left to right, you get a great view of the Ludwig timpani stool, which, by the way, was property of the Ed Sullivan Show. Notice the soft-side cushion. Later models had a hard side cushion which was designed to lengthen the wear of the seat. Next, we see the obvious, Ringo's 1963 Jazz Festival with a well-used batter head. And finally, you can easily see the Ludwig / Manny's music store stamps on the tom and floor tom. NOTE: The group of colored photos taken at this rehearsal gave a blue tint to Ringo's drums and lead many to believe that he had an Oyster Blue Pearl kit. You have to take into account that people first saw The Beatles on television in black & white and only had magazine photos to go by. If Ludwig didn't offer both Blue and Black Oyster Pearl options, there would have been such a controversy.  When Manny's Music Store delivered the kit, they took the liberty of imprinting their store logo on each tom head under the Ludwig Weather Master logo. You can clearly see them in the Miami practice photo above.

Beatles. Ed Sullivan Show. Stage anchor screw

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Classic Drummer Magazine
Ringo Bass Drum Anchor. Walberg & Auge Model 1304
Stage anchor screw. Beatles. Ringo Starr Ed Sullivan Show. 1964
Ringo Starr's 1964 Ludwig Downbeat drum kit's Rogers swivomatic bass drum mount
Ringo Starr's 1964 Ludwig Downbeat drum kit's Rogers swivomatic bass drum inside view of mount

A Second Bass Drum Anchor for The Ed Sullivan Show 
When Ringo played on the Ed Sullivan Show, little did most of us know that a stage anchor bolt was secured to the riser platform in front of his bass drum to prevent the drum from sliding forward.

Most of us are aware of the Walberg & Auge, model 1304 bass drum anchor plainly seen in front of Ringo's kit on the Beatles' Ed Sullivan performance. Interestingly enough, not many are aware that a stage anchor was screwed into the riser directly alongside the Walberg & Auge.

This is a top view of Ringo's "Sullivan kit" bass drum. I wanted to point out how the Rogers Swiv-O-Matic bracket was installed. Once the original Ludwig Rail Consolette tom mounting bracket was removed, four new holes (2 small and 1 large) were drilled to accommodate the Rogers mounting bracket. The mount was positioned using one of the original holes indicated by the green arrow.

Here's what I found clever: the unused existing holes were filled by first inserting a metal sleeve which was the depth of the shell. Next, cymbal rivets were inserted into the sleeves and the prong ends of the rivets were opened to hold them snuggly in place.

Ringo 2nd Downbeat Red muffler
Floor tom


Ringo's Ludwig Downbeat kits have many drum shell hardware details in common.  The 8" x 12" tom and the 14" x 14" floor tom both use a P-4067 "Baseball Bat" tone control with red felt.  The P-1672 mounting bracket features a wing bolt that screws into the casing. This bracket was used as follows:  To secure the three legs on the 14" x 14" floor tom; as a cymbal mounting bracket on the bass drum; and as mounting brackets for the bass drums spurs.  Though both drum kits incorporated this bracket as a tom mount when new, the second kit was retro-fitted with a Rogers Swiv-o-matic tom mount.
The bass drum spurs and floor tom legs also used a knurled texture surface in the area where they inserted into the mounting brackets.
Ringo 2nd Downbeat
1964 Ludwig Downbeat
  • 5"x14" Jazz Festival snare drum (Keystone badge # 6734 / Red Stamp Date: JAN 3 1964) [More information on this drum can be found in Other Percussion]
  • 8"x12" Tom (Keystone badge # 6677 / No stamp date)
  • 14"x14" Floor Tom (Keystone badge # 6642 / No stamp date)
  • 14"x20" Bass Drum (Keystone badge # 7321 / No stamp date)
  • 3-ply Shells w/ white interiors. Snare, tom, floor tom, bass: Mahogany / Poplar / Mahogany
  • Speed King bass drum pedal (Model 201)
  • Flat base cymbal stand (Model 1400) A Premier Lockfast cymbal stand was sometimes used in place of a Ludwig model 1400
  • Flat base snare drum stand (Model 1363) | First US visit
  • Spurlock Direct-Pull hi-hat stand (Model 1123)
  • Bass drum anchor (Walberg & Auge Model 1304)
  • Buck Roger's snare stand (Model 1358) | Filming AHDN
  • * Rogers Swiv-o-matic tom mount
  • Ludwig Timpani Drum Throne (Model 1026)
  • Premier drum stool (Model 245) 
(Note: * After the Beatles returned to the UK from their first US visit, this drum kit was sent to Drum City in London. where the traditional Ludwig consolette tom mount was removed and replaced with a Rogers Swiv-o-matic. A new Beatles drop-T logo drumhead was installed and all drumheads were replaced. This did not apply to Ringo's '63 Jazz Festival. This Downbeat kit was ready to be used for the filming of A Hard Day's Night, which began filming on March 2, 1964.)
Ringo Starr's 1964 Ludwig Downbest model Beatles drum kit

Photo: Scott Robert Ritchie

Washington DC - February 11, 194

The Washington Colosseum
Washington, D.C.
February 11, 1964

Ringo 2nd Downbeat

It is fitting to see Ringo at his Ringo: Peace & Love exhibit at the Grammy Museum in LA in 2013. This photo goes very deep in remembering that 73 million people saw him playing that very drum kit on February 9, 1964.

A Hard Day's Night
A Hard Day's Night bass drumhead
A Hard Day's Night


When the Beatles returned to the UK after their first US visit and just prior to the filming of A Hard Day’s Night, all original drumheads were removed (excluding Ringo’s Jazz Festival), and new heads were installed including a new Beatles Drop-T logo front head (#3). At the same time, a Rogers Swiv-o-matic tom mount was installed. This kit was retired after the filming of the movie.

I Thought I'd Add This
On February 16, 1964 The Beatles also performed on the Ed Sullivan Show in the Napoleon Ballroom at the Deauville Hotel in Miami Beach. I took this photo from Ringo's spot on the stage to give you a different perspective.

Panoramic view from Ringo's spot on stage
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